Skip to main content
You are here

Fungi Kingdom

Amanita muscaria Fly Agaric

Fungi are important organisms that belong to their own kingdom, completely separate from plants and animals. A hugely diverse group of great economic importance, fungi remain vastly under-studied compared to plants. 

It is estimated that there may be anything from 700,000 to 5 million species of fungi in the world. Even using the most widely cited estimate of 1.5 million, this makes fungi more than six times as diverse as flowering plants. Yet only about 100,000 species have so far been described.

Here, you can find out about the diverse range of fungi - from the familiar mushrooms we buy in shops and see in fields, to coral fungi, Penicillium, yeasts, crop-destroying rusts and smuts, and much more.

Discover more

Fungi are important organisms and so distinct from plants and animals that they have been allotted a 'kingdom' of their own in our classifications of life on earth.
Ectomycorrhiza on a tapia tree
Plants and fungi engage in intimate relationships that range from harmful to beneficial. Learn more about these relationships, including examples of where they occur.
Agaricus arvensis
Fungi are tremendously important to human society and the planet we live on. Yet, despite their extraordinary impacts on our lives, both directly and indirectly, relatively little is known about them.